Research Papers

Development of the Integrated New Jersey Safety and Health Outcomes (NJ-SHO) Data Warehouse: Catalyzing Advancements in Injury Prevention Research

Injury Prevention
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Curry AE, Pfeiffer MR, Metzger KB, Carey ME, Cook LJ

This study shares how the NJ-SHO Data Warehouse combines New Jersey statewide administrative databases to create one comprehensive data source. The data warehouse fills in gaps previously found in traffic safety research and enables investigation of research questions that previously could not be addressed due to the lack of appropriate data.

Comparison of Motor Vehicle Crashes, Traffic Violations, and License Suspensions Between Autistic and Non-Autistic Adolescent and Young Adult Drivers

Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
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Curry AE, Metzger KB, Carey ME, Sartin EB, Huang P, Yerys BE

Compared with their non-autistic peers, young drivers with autism have lower rates of moving violations and license suspensions, as well as similar to lower crash rates.  Although half as likely to crash due to speeding, the autistic young drivers were three times more likely to crash when making a left or U-turn, suggesting the need for tailored training in these areas.

Individual and Geographic Variation in Driver’s License Suspensions: Evidence of Disparities by Race, Ethnicity, and Income 

Journal of Transportation and Health
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Joyce NR, Pfeiffer MR, Zullo AR, Ahluwalia J, Curry AE

Non-driving related (NDR) suspensions (such as failure to pay a fine) are 7 times greater in the lowest income neighborhoods and 5 times greater in neighborhoods with the highest percentage of Black and Hispanic residents. Further research is needed to explore how these NDR suspensions affect health and economic well-being.

Vehicle Safety Characteristics in Vulnerable Driver Populations

Traffic Injury Prevention
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Metzger KB, Sartin E, Foss RD, Joyce N, Curry AE

Teens, older adults (age 65 and older), and those from low-income neighborhoods are more likely to be driving vehicles that are less safe (older models without electronic stability control and other safety features), putting them at greater risk of injury and death in the event of a crash. Ensuring these drivers are in the safest vehicles they can afford is a promising approach to reducing crash injuries and fatalities.

Chronic Care for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Clinical Management from Childhood Through Adolescence

Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics
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Moss CM, Metzger KB, Carey ME, Blum NJ, Curry AE, Power TJ

Doctors typically discuss depression, suicide, and substance abuse with adolescent patients with ADHD. However, they rarely discuss risky sexual behaviors and almost never discuss driver readiness and medication diversion. Additional resources and training are needed to help clinicians provide the best care for patients with ADHD.

Driver's License Suspension Policies as a Barrier to Health Care

American Journal of Public Health
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Joyce NR, Zullo AR, Ahluwalia JS, Pfeiffer MR, Curry AE

Lacking transportation is a major barrier to health care, and license suspension policies can contribute to this barrier. Contrary to popular belief, the majority of these suspensions are for non-driving related (NDR) events, such as failure to pay a court fee or appear in court. These NDR events are disproportionately imposed on low-income and racial and ethnic minorities. Developing policies to improve this transportation equity issue are needed.

Driver Licensing, Motor Vehicle Crashes, and Moving Violations Among Older Adults

Journal of Safety Research
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Palumbo AJ, Pfeiffer MR, Metzger KB, Curry AE

Older drivers (age 65+) crash 27% less than middle-aged drivers (age 35-54) but are 40% more likely to die in a crash as compared to middle-aged drivers. Future research is needed to identify factors that influence risk of crash involvement and survivability after a crash.